How do leveraged tokens work?

Leveraged tokens are intended to maintain long 3x or -3x exposure to cryptoassets such as Bitcoin or Ether. This means that if Bitcoin increases by 3% in a single day then a long leveraged token like BTC3L will increase by 9% and conversely a short leveraged token like BTC3S will decrease by 9% on the same day.

Our leveraged tokens — BTC3L, BTC3S, ETH3L, and ETH3S

We currently have four leveraged tokens available:

  • Amun Bitcoin 3x Daily Long (BTC3L): Available on Jasper and Liquid
  • Amun Bitcoin 3x Daily Short (BTC3S): Available on Jasper and Liquid
  • Amun Ethereum 3x Daily Long (ETH3L): Available on Jasper and Liquid
  • Amun Ethereum 3x Daily Short (ETH3S): Available on Jasper and Liquid

How do leveraged tokens work?

Leveraged tokens are intended to maintain long 3x or -3x exposure to cryptoassets such as Bitcoin or Ether. This means that if Bitcoin increases by 3% in a single day then a long leveraged token like BTC3L will increase by 9% and conversely a short leveraged token like BTC3S will decrease by 9% on the same day. Let’s take a very simple example; what would happen to the prices of BTC3L and BTC3S if Bitcoin’s price over 3 days is as follows: Day 0 — $100, Day 1 — $103, Day 2 — $106.09, in other words two days of Bitcoin increasing by 3%. We assume that Bitcoin, BTC3L, and BTC3S all begin day 0 at a price of $100.

As we can see, both BTC3L and BTC3S track 3x and -3x of Bitcoin’s returns over a single day. Please note that these tokens do not track 3x or -3x of Bitcoin’s returns over multiple days. For example, it’s easy to see that the two day return of BTC3L (18.81%) is actually more than 3x of Bitcoin’s (6.09%) and the two day return of BTC3S (-17.19%) is actually less than -3x of Bitcoin’s. This phenomenon is due to the compounding of our inverse and leveraged tokens and can be beneficial in situations where the market is following a trend but harmful in periods of mean reversions. The following example shows how the tokens would perform in a mean-reverting market. Here Bitcoin’s price moves as follows: Day 0 — $100, Day 1 — $103, Day 2 — $100, in other words Bitcoin increases by 3% on day 1 and then decreases by 2.9%.

These examples illustrate the purpose of holding leveraged tokens for a period of one day and not longer. Over longer days, due to compounding, they do not maintain their level of leverage exposure to Bitcoin’s long term returns.

Disclaimer

This document has been prepared and issued by Amun Limited (“Amun”). This document may contain market commentary. All information used in the publication of this document has been compiled from publicly available sources that are believed to be reliable, however we do not guarantee the accuracy or completeness of this document or the information contained/referenced herein.

This document may contain independent market commentary prepared by Amun based on publicly available information. Although Amun endeavors to ensure the accuracy of the content in this document, Amun does not warrant or guarantee its accuracy or correctness. Any third party data providers used to source the information in this document make no warranties or representation of any kind relating to such data. Where Amun has expressed its own opinions related to product or market activity, these views may change. Neither Amun, nor any affiliate, nor any of their respective officers, directors, partners, or employees accepts any liability whatsoever for any direct or consequential loss arising from any use of this document or its contents.

Crypto asset trading involves a high degree of risk. The crypto asset market is new to many and unproven and may have the potential to not grow as expected. Currently, there is relatively small use of crypto assets in the retail and commercial marketplace in comparison to relatively large use by speculators, thus contributing to price volatility that could adversely affect an investment in crypto assets. In order to participate in the trading of crypto assets, you should be capable of evaluating the merits and risks of the investment and be able to bear the economic risk of losing your entire investment.

Nothing in this document (or any other documents mentioned herein) is or should be considered to be an invitation to enter into an investment and is not intended to be an offering of securities in any jurisdiction nor does it constitute an offer or an invitation to sell shares, securities or rights belonging to the Issuer or any related or associated company. This document has not been registered with or approved by any regulator in any jurisdiction. Readers are cautioned that any historical performance information or forward-looking statements are not guarantees of future performance and involve risks and uncertainties, and that actual results or performance may differ materially from those in the forward-looking statements as a result of various factors. The information contained herein may not be considered as economic, legal, tax, or other advice and users are cautioned against basing undue reliance, investment decisions or other decisions solely on the content hereof.

Any historical performance included in this document may be based on back testing which is a means of evaluating a particular strategy by applying it to historical data to simulate what the performance of such strategy would have been. Back tested performance is purely hypothetical and is provided in this document solely for informational purposes and neither represents actual performance nor should it be interpreted as an indication of actual or future performance.

The Tokens are complex products which incorporate a high degree of risk and should only be bought or traded in by persons with appropriate technical knowledge who have experience with similar products.

The Tokens have not been registered with or approved by any regulator in any jurisdiction. The Tokens are not available for purchase by individuals or entities who are ordinarily resident in the United States, Switzerland, the Seychelles or any other country on the Prohibited List.

The Issuer reserves the right to restrict the sale of the Tokens in any jurisdiction or to any individuals or entities from time to time.

Please see our legal documents for more information.

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